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Evolution of Electric Motor Vehicles (EMVs), how ready are we as a Country?

The universal realization that climate change is real and its effects primarily global warming, has negatively affected the entire globe, prompting various nations to devise pragmatic mechanisms in which such effects can be curtailed. Several intervention measures across various disciplines are being implemented world over to stem these adverse effects of climate change. As a key mitigation measure, one of the most ambitious programs that many nations have committed themselves to is to cease the manufacture of fossil-fuel propelled automobiles between 2030 to 2050 and replace them with environmentally friendly Electric Motor Vehicles (EMVs). Some measures we could undertake as a nation to adequately position for this technological shift in automobile industry include; • Amend Chapter 87 of the Customs and Excise Act to propose reduction of customs duty on electric vehicles from the current 15% to 0. This would be a catalyst to promote capital injection through Foreign Direct Investments (FDI). • Establish electronic vehicle manufacturing or assembly plants closer to the source of raw materials to lessen transportation and production costs; Copperbelt, North-western, Southern and Central could be ideal. • Government through ZCCM-IH encouraged to sign Memorandum of Understanding with mining entities to return at least 1% (8.8Mn Kg) of their annual mineral output locally for production of components and accessories for approximately 100, 000 EVs/annum. • Establish charging points countrywide in conjunction with power utilities and municipalities. The charging circuit can be activated by entry of a token. • Increase awareness of the overall benefits of electric vehicles to stimulate the appetite for demand both locally and regionally. Currently the cost of fuel is at K24.15 per litre while the cost of electricity is at 47 ngwee to K1.94/kWh, therefore driving an electric car would be approximately six (5) times cheaper than a fossil fuel one of equivalent passenger size and weight. Hence, the service cost is also 30% lower over a comparable duration which makes electric vehicles unquestionably economical. With Zambia endowed with key mineral inputs to the electric vehicle sector such as copper, cobalt and nickel, it accords the country a unique competitive advantage with a huge opportunity of being leaders in the field. It’s important to note that the world is steadily migrating towards clean and green energy technologies in almost all sectors and Zambia cannot afford to ignore the trend. We should aim to be trendsetters as opposed to being trailblazers. The Ministry of Green Economy and Environment has exhibited Government’s unwavering commitment towards curbing of greenhouse gasses. The transport sector migrating to full electric vehicles from fossil fuels offers low hanging fruits towards net Zero Carbon Emissions. If these measures are implemented, the country has the ability to go to full scale electronic vehicle manufacturing in the next 4-5 years, and complete phasing out of fossil fuels automobiles by 2052.

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ZESCO Declares 1,000MW Surplus in Power Generation Capacity

Dakar, Senegal – July 18, 2022: ZESCO has revealed that Zambia has achieved an electricity generation surplus of 1,156MW (Megawatts) following the successful commissioning of 4x150MW capacity from the 750MW Kafue Gorge Lower Power Station. ZESCO Managing Director Eng. Victor Mapani says currently the installed national generation capacity stands at 3,456.8MW against a peak national demand of approximately 2,300MW. Eng. Mapani told a high-level Panel Discussion at the ongoing Association of Power Utilities of Africa (APUA) meeting in Dakar, Senegal that ZESCO was using internally generated resources to progress the 750MW project, being constructed at a cost of approx.$2.3Billion to completion by November of 2022 at a cost of US $2.3Billion following non-disbursements by the project financiers. “Currently four out of five units are already commissioned and running. We expect to commission the last 150MW machine, unit 5 by November this year. With this development, and factoring in Independent Power Producers, we currently stand at a national generation installed capacity of 3,456.8MW, against a peak national demand of approximately 2,300MW. We thus have a surplus of 1,156.8MW that is available for trade within the interconnected SAPP network,” said Eng. Mapani said. Eng. Mapani, who is the immediate Past President of Association of Power Utilities in Africa (APUA), was making a presentation under the theme - implementation of the 2063 Agenda of the African Union with respect to the development of the power sector in Zambia. He said the availability of reliable electricity is underpinning the current rebound of Zambia’s economy. “Since we are able to meet national demand, we have seen Zambia’s economy grow from a receding Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2020 to three (3) percent growth in 2021 across all sectors. With this background, we are ambitious that the national GDP growth will soon reach levels of (5) five to (7) seven percent in the next (3) three to (5) five years,” he said. “The stable economic growth has also seen year-to-year end inflation drop from 21 percent to 9.7 percent in the month of June 2022. Our service virtually services and supports all key sectors including mining, agriculture, commerce, tourism, health and education. We now hope to venture and exploit the transportation sub-sector too through establishment of charging points nationwide to back the evolution of Electric Motor Vehicles,” he added. Zambia, an established member of both the APUA and the Southern Africa Power Pool (SAPP) is currently undertaking construction of transmission lines to ensure ZESCO remains at the centre of power trading among the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern African states. ZESCO is currently anchoring the construction of the transmission line to connect Zimbabwe-Zambia-Botswana-Namibia (ZiZaBoNa) Interconnector while at the same time is collaborating on the Zambia-Tanzania-Kenya (ZTK) Interconnector. ZESCO already operates strong regional interconnectors which include the Kariba 330kV lines to ZESA, Zimbabwe; the Sesheke-NamPower 220kV line to Namibia, the CEC 220kV lines to SNEL in DRC and the Kazungula-Kasane 66kV line to Botswana. Other strong regional transmission lines include cross-border power supplies including the Mafinga-ESCOM 33kV line with Malawi; the 33/11kV border supplies with SNEL (Democratic Republic of Congo) and the Mbala-Sumbawanga 66kV Line and Mbozi-Tunduma 33kV Line to Tanzania. /Ends.

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Eng. Mapani calls on Africa to be front runners in new technological trends as ZESCO hands over the APUA presidency

Dakar, 17 July 2022 Immediate Past President of the Association of Power Utilities of Africa (APUA) Eng. Victor Mapani says power utilities in Africa need to be front runners in new technological trends such as emerging Electric Motor Vehicle industry to reduce huge transportation costs and also cut carbon emissions. Eng. Mapani who is ZESCO Managing Director today handed over the Presidency of APUA to Managing Director of Senelec Eng. Papa Mademba Biteye with a clarion call on the Continent’s power utilities to remain focused on increasing the electrification rate of Africa from the current 24 percent to at least 40 percent by 2025. “We ought to explore and be front runners in new technological trends such as the emerging Electric Motor Vehicle industry to reduce the huge transportation cost burden on our customers and also minimize the carbon footprint associated with fossil fuels in mitigating climate change conditions,” Eng. Mapani said in a speech at a ceremony in Dakar, Senegal. Eng. Mapani says Africa needs to move in tandem with the rest of the world in increasing the electrification rate to ensure its people have access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy. “As I humbly vacate this seat, I wish to extend to the incoming President the vital opportunities to exploit in the medium to long term: APUA should take centre-stage in increasing the electrification rate of Africa from the current 24 percent to at least 40 percent in the next three years to match with the rest of the developing world. Between the years 2025 to 2030, we should then aim to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all in line with Sustainable Development Goal Number seven,” he said. The Managing Director said there is a need to mobilize financing targeted towards establishing firm interconnections between Utility Networks to promote regional power trading, wheeling and provision of electricity path for emergency support. The principle of African Single Electricity Market was launched by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission in the presence of the European Union Energy Commissioner in June 2021. He said APUA needs to take lead in assisting in mobilizing financing targeted towards establishing firm interconnections between Utility Networks to promote regional power trading, wheeling and provision of electricity path for emergency support. “We all need to build and harness the identified potential hydroelectric power generation sites emanating from various technical and environmental feasibility studies in our respective countries that will support the anticipated increased power demand as we expand our electrification rate as well as guarantee firm and reliable interconnections that can withstand system disturbances without collapse,” says Eng. Mapani. Eng. Mapani says the abundance of solar irradiation in Africa also accords power utilities in Africa a very good opportunity to foster and develop the renewable energy mix which will in turn increase electricity generation capacity in Africa…/Ends About APUA: The Association of Power Utilities of Africa (APUA) is an international non-governmental association formed in 1970 with its headquarters in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. APUA has 56 active members in 46 African countries, 20 affiliate members and some associate and observer members in Africa and Europe. ZESCO assumed the Presidency of APUA during the 19th Congress which took place in Livingstone in Zambia in 2017.